Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Depending on the type of infection, the virus can be short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic). The virus can be transmitted by blood, semen, or bodily fluid from an infected person with HBV to a non-infected person. Transmission can occur through sexual contact, sharing of needles and syringes, sharing of razors or toothbrushes with an infected person, or from an infected mother to her baby at birth. Signs and symptoms of HBV include: fatigue, fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, clay-colored bowel movements, jaundice, and joint pain. Chronic infections of HBV can be treated with antiviral medications. Routine lab monitoring should occur in order to evaluate liver damage.
This information was obtained from www.cdc.gov.
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